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Sanskrit

Atman

Atman is often translated into English as Self, Spirit or Soul. According to Hinduism Atman is one that resides in one's body and leaves at the time of death. It reincarnates in another body and is always in the cycle of births and deaths till it attains liberation. The cycle is called the cycle of Samsara in Sanskrit. Moksha or liberation is the end of Samsara

It also manifests as Atman, Antaratman and Paramatman. The word Atman normally is used to denote the Self which includes the body and mind. Antaratman is the inner self that dwells in the body. Scriptures always use the word Atman in the meaning as Antaratman. They use another Purusha to denote Antaratman. Paramatman is the Supreme Being that includes everything in the universe which is the indivisible-one-essence. It is otherwise known as Supreme Consciousness.

Jivatman is another term used to denote Antaratman. Jivatman is Antaratman which is yet to realise Pramatman.

Anatman is everything that is not Atman. Atman perceives things other than its existence. But in reality, as claimed by the scriptures, Anatman does not exist.





Aham Brahmasmi

Aham Brahmasmi is the combination of three words: Aham, Brahma and asmi. Aham means I. Brahma is Brahman and Asmi is being. I am Brahman is the meaning. It is one of the Mahavakyas  (great aphorisms) of Vedas. It is a state reached by the Atman when it realises the oneness of the Brahman with everything. This stage is reached by the Atman, only when it realises that it is none other than Brahman. The state is called Kaivalya (liberation). 




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