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Mahavakya Upanishad

Mahavakya Upanishad
Mahavakya Upanishad

Mahavakya Upanishad is the 92nd Upanishad of 108 Upanishads of Muktika Upanishad Order and forms part of Atharva Veda. It deals with Hamsa Vidya and the concepts that relate to Atman, Anatman and Paramatman. It is a minor Upanishad containing twelve verses.

Lord Brahma begins to discourse: I present now the highest Upanishad. It is the profound secret and it should not be imparted to unworthy people. It should be imparted only to those of consistent behavior, having their tendency turned inward and seeking this knowledge from their Guru.

The aspirant who is intent on acquiring the supreme knowledge should withdraw himself from the eyes of wisdom that understands the non-existence of the outer phenomenal world which leads from bondage to liberation and from the eyes of ignorance that believes the existence of the phenomenal world which leads to bondage.

The reason for the belief in the existence of the phenomenal world is attributed to the dominance of Tamas which is the darkness that hides the reality. The whole phenomenal world that consists of Brahman (wrongly construed as separate) and Brahmanda (the macrocosm) is darkness only. The rituals prescribed in all Vedas with cherished goals of the fulfillment of desires belong to the phenomenal world only.

Atman is not darkness. The Chid-Aditya-Vidya ( Vidya of the Sun of consciousness or Vidya of radiating consciousness) manifests itself both inside and outside of the phenomenal world of stupid ignorance. It manifests in the region of radiating consciousness. It should be grasped and nothing else. 

That Sun (radiance) is Brahman: Hamsa pertains to AJAPA GAYATRI. Hamsa Soham: That Sun I am or That Atman I am or That Brahman I am. It is capable of being acquired by means of Prana and Apana going inward and outward from the opposite direction.

Having acquired this, the yogi should apply it constantly with a meditation on Atman in its threefold aspects for a longer duration. Then Paramatman will manifest on his own as Sat Chit Ananda: Existence, consciousness, and Bliss.

Sat Chit Ananda is the state of glorious shining with the luminosity of innumerous Suns. It is like a wave-less deep ocean which cannot be absorbed because of its vastness and enormous nature. This is not Samadhi. It is not the result of the successful accomplishment of any yoga. It is not the dissolution of the mind. It is the oneness of Brahman.

What is the color of Chid-Aditya (radiant consciousness) that is on the other side of the darkness of the phenomenal world? The seeker recognises it after considering all the names and forms of the phenomenal world and arriving at a conviction that they are false and darkness.

The importance of this state is explained by Lord Brahman a long time before. Also by Sakra who is known for his wisdom and who has reached the four stages.

He who knows Paramatman as of this radiant consciousness attains immortality immediately. For the attainment of liberation, there is no other way by means of Yajna or Yajna worship of Gods. This is the foremost of all Dharmas (righteous activities). He who knows Brahman attains the heaven wherein the Gods dwell from the times of yore.

I am that extreme radiance. I am that radiance of the Sun. I am Lord Shiva. I am the radiance of the White. I am every radiance that shines forth. 

This Upanishad is the head of Atharva Veda. For him who studies this Upanishad in the morning, the sins accumulated over the night are destroyed. For him who studies this during the night, all the sins committed during daytime are destroyed. He who studies at the day-break and at sunset destroys his sins. He who studies at the noon facing the sun destroys the five great sins together with the smaller sins. He acquires the wisdom of studying all the Vedas. He unites with Lord Maha Vishnu.

Om Tat Sat!



Dhyana Bindu Upanishad

Dhyana Bindu Upanishad is the 39th of 108 Upanishads. It contains 106 verses and is attached to Krishna Yajur Veda whereas a smaller version of 26 verses was found attached to Atharva Veda. This Upanishad and Yoga Tattva Upanishad contains some common verses.

The mountainous sins accumulated over many births can be destroyed by Dhyana Yoga (Meditation). Nobody is found to have destroyed the sins by any other means except Meditation. Meditation is the only way to annihilate the sins.

Pranava (Om) is the Supreme Bijakshara (seed letter) with Nada (sound) and Bindu (dot). When the Nada dissolves, the soundless residuum (Brahman) remains. In other words, Pranava (Om) is eternal and Brahman is transcending the Pranava. One who knows the transcending Brahman knows everything without a doubt.

A hundred thousandth part of awn of a grain of paddy is the Jiva-Chaitanya (Consciousness of Atman). A hundred thousandth part of Jiva-Chaitanya is Eswara-Chaitanya (Consciousness of Brahman).  A fifty-tho…

Yoga Tattva Upanishad

Yoga Tattva Upanishad is the Upanishad of yoga philosophy. It is the forty-first Upanishad among the 108 Upanishads and forms part of Krishna Yajur Veda. It contains 142 verses.

I (says the author of the Upanishad) hereby present the philosophy of yoga (yoga tattva) for the benefit of yogis. By hearing and learning this yoga, the yogi will get released himself from all the sins.

The great yogi by name Vishnu, the Supreme Being who is known for his spiritual austerities, stands as the beacon of light in the path of yoga tattva. The Pitamaha (Pitamaha means grandfather. It here refers to Lord Brahman, the deity) approached Lord Jagannath (the other name for Lord Vishnu. Jagannath means the Lord of the universe) paid him respects and asked him to explain the philosophy of Astanga Yoga (yoga of eight limbs or stages).

“Let me explain the philosophy,” said Lord Hrisikesha (the other name of Lord Vishnu. It means the Lord of senses). All people are ensnared in the trap of worldly pains and pl…

Brahma Vidya Upanishad

Brahma Vidya Upanishad is the 40th among the 108 Upanishads. It contains 110 verses and found attached in Krishna Yajur Veda. Yet another version of this Upanishad containing 14 verses is found attached in Atharva Veda.
Brahma Vidya is the knowledge of Brahman. Hence this Upanishad deals with the knowledge of Brahman.
I declare the secret of Brahma Vidya, in the name Vishnu who commands over the marvelous deeds. The supreme science of Brahman is the monosyllable Om, as declared by the expounders of Vedanta.
I declare the body, seat, and durations of Om.  It includes the three Gods (Brahma, Vishnu, and Maheswara), the three worlds (Bhur, Bhuvar, and Suvar), the three Vedas (Rig, Yajur, and Sama), the three Fires (Garha-patya, Dakshina, and Ahavaniya), the three Matras (A, U, and M), and the Ardha Matra.
The body of Pranava The body of the first Matra “A” is Rig Veda, Garha-patya (Fire), Prithvi (Earth), and Lord Brahman, the deity. (In Sanskrit, the word Brahman has two connotations. One is…