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Tejo Bindu Upanishad – Pancha Dasanga Yoga - Samadhi

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The yogi should practice the fifteen limbs of yoga until there will be the manifestation of Brahman on its own accord through inference. Having reached that state, the enlightened yogi will be free from all means employed. He becomes a Raja Yogi whose radiance is beyond the range of mind and speech. It  is the state that could not be explained by words or understandable. It can only be realised by the experience.

Impediments to Samadhi
The Upanishad lists the impediments that are powerfully emerging while Samadhi is practised.
·         The want of application
·         Lethargy, Dullness and Stupor
·         The longing for enjoyment
·         Confusion
·         False dignity
·         Sweating
·         Absent-mindedness
·         Obstacles like these.
These obstacles can be overcome with the knowledge of Brahman through inference.

Chitta Virittis
Chitta or mind take Virittis or modifications. Through Bhava Virittis (modifications due to worldly affairs), the yogi gets involved in worldly affairs. Through Soonya Virittis (without modifications), he gets into the state of void not being disturbed by anything. Through Brahma Virittis, one becomes Complete.

Attaining the state of Brahman
The yogi should become complete by modifying the Virittis as such. Blessed are those who understand this and practice. Those who abandon this are none other than beasts, the Upanishad says. Those who are improved by the ripening of their past karmas will attain Brahman and not those merely indulge in verbal disquisitions. Those who have knowledge of Brahman without proper functioning and without actions due to their insufficient knowledge, surely will come and go, again and again. They will not attain Brahman and will be born again and again. Without proper functioning with knowledge, they could not stand in Brahman even for half a minute, as stood by Brahman and other sages, Suka and Sanaka.

Yoga is both the means and the end. When a yogi looks upon means as the end, merely attains the means. In other words, when the goal of a yogi is mere the practice of yoga, he attains the mere practice or mastery of the practice and not the end which is the attainment of Brahman.

The means and end may be also related to cause and effect. By inference, when the cause ceases to exist, the effect also perishes. That alone will remain which could not be explained in words. Through Dhyana That Pure Brahman becomes a certainty. The enlightened will see everything as Brahman alone and merged in the pleasure of Brahman.

Reference: Sanskrit Text Reference



Dhyana Bindu Upanishad

Dhyana Bindu Upanishad is the 39th of 108 Upanishads. It contains 106 verses and is attached to Krishna Yajur Veda whereas a smaller version of 26 verses was found attached to Atharva Veda. This Upanishad and Yoga Tattva Upanishad contains some common verses.

The mountainous sins accumulated over many births can be destroyed by Dhyana Yoga (Meditation). Nobody is found to have destroyed the sins by any other means except Meditation. Meditation is the only way to annihilate the sins.

Pranava (Om) is the Supreme Bijakshara (seed letter) with Nada (sound) and Bindu (dot). When the Nada dissolves, the soundless residuum (Brahman) remains. In other words, Pranava (Om) is eternal and Brahman is transcending the Pranava. One who knows the transcending Brahman knows everything without a doubt.

A hundred thousandth part of awn of a grain of paddy is the Jiva-Chaitanya (Consciousness of Atman). A hundred thousandth part of Jiva-Chaitanya is Eswara-Chaitanya (Consciousness of Brahman).  A fifty-tho…

Yoga Tattva Upanishad

Yoga Tattva Upanishad is the Upanishad of yoga philosophy. It is the forty-first Upanishad among the 108 Upanishads and forms part of Krishna Yajur Veda. It contains 142 verses.

I (says the author of the Upanishad) hereby present the philosophy of yoga (yoga tattva) for the benefit of yogis. By hearing and learning this yoga, the yogi will get released himself from all the sins.

The great yogi by name Vishnu, the Supreme Being who is known for his spiritual austerities, stands as the beacon of light in the path of yoga tattva. The Pitamaha (Pitamaha means grandfather. It here refers to Lord Brahman, the deity) approached Lord Jagannath (the other name for Lord Vishnu. Jagannath means the Lord of the universe) paid him respects and asked him to explain the philosophy of Astanga Yoga (yoga of eight limbs or stages).

“Let me explain the philosophy,” said Lord Hrisikesha (the other name of Lord Vishnu. It means the Lord of senses). All people are ensnared in the trap of worldly pains and pl…

Brahma Vidya Upanishad

Brahma Vidya Upanishad is the 40th among the 108 Upanishads. It contains 110 verses and found attached in Krishna Yajur Veda. Yet another version of this Upanishad containing 14 verses is found attached in Atharva Veda.
Brahma Vidya is the knowledge of Brahman. Hence this Upanishad deals with the knowledge of Brahman.
I declare the secret of Brahma Vidya, in the name Vishnu who commands over the marvelous deeds. The supreme science of Brahman is the monosyllable Om, as declared by the expounders of Vedanta.
I declare the body, seat, and durations of Om.  It includes the three Gods (Brahma, Vishnu, and Maheswara), the three worlds (Bhur, Bhuvar, and Suvar), the three Vedas (Rig, Yajur, and Sama), the three Fires (Garha-patya, Dakshina, and Ahavaniya), the three Matras (A, U, and M), and the Ardha Matra.
The body of Pranava The body of the first Matra “A” is Rig Veda, Garha-patya (Fire), Prithvi (Earth), and Lord Brahman, the deity. (In Sanskrit, the word Brahman has two connotations. One is…