Pashupatabrahma Upanishad

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Introduction

Pasupatha Brahma Upanishad is also called as Pasupathbrahmopanishad. It is the seventy-seventh Upanishad of Muktika Upanishad order and found attached to Atharva Veda. It has two sections namely Poorva Khanda and Uttara Khanda. Poorva Khanda contains 32 verses mainly dealing with Hamsa Vidya.Uttara Khanda contains 46 verses mainly dealing with Para-Vidya, the philosophy of Atman and Paramatman. (Note: Poorva Khanda means the initial Section and Uttara Khanda means the final section).

Poorva Khanda
When Svayambhu (who originates on his own) Brahman happened to be filled with desires, he became the creator. Then Kamesvara and Vaisravana came into being. Vaisravana belonged to the class of Rishis called Valakhilya who were of the size of the thumb.
Vaisravana asked Brahman seven questions.
What is the Vidya (philosophy and practice) of the Worlds?
Who is the deity? Who is the deity of the Jagrat (waking state) and Turya [the fourth state beyond Jagrat, Swapna (dream) and Susupti

Hamsa Upanishad - Brahma Vidya

Gurugulam


Hamsa Upanishad belongs to Sukla Yajur Veda.

Gautama asked Sanath Kumara to explain the way to obtain Brahma Vidya, the realization of God.

Sanath Kumara replied that Brahma Vidya could be obtained through Hamsa Vidya.
Hamsa denotes the Soul. Paramahamsa denotes Brahman, the supreme God. The Supreme God is in everything as Fire resides in Oil or Oil resides in Oil-seed. Brahman pervades all. Paramahamsa pervades Hamsa. Hamsa literarily means “That am I”. There exists nothing other than Isvara or God. By Hamsa Vidya, Soul realises that he is the Supreme God. The realization of God in Self is Hamsa Vidya.

The process of Hamsa Vidya is explained. The Yogi should Press the Anus, force the Prana upwards from Muladhara, circumambulate the six-petalled Svadhisthana thrice, reach the Manipura, go beyond Anahata, hold the Prana under control in Visuddhi, enter Anja, meditate upon Paramahamsa and then attain Nir Vikalpa Samadhi. Drink the nectar generated by commingling of Moon, Sun and Agni or fire, then enter the Brahmarandhra or thousand petalled lotus. There meditate on Tri matra Turya or Turya-Turya. Then the yogi becomes devoid of external form. This is the Paramahamsa resembling  ten millions of  suns, by whose radiance the entire world is completely enveloped.

This needs explanation and understanding of Chakra and Kundalini.


We will explain in detail in our next post: hamsa-upanishad-hamsa-vidya-chakras




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