To put lights on Yoga Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Thirumanthiram, Patanjali's Yoga Sutra, Hatha yoga pradeepika, Gheranda Samhita, Siva Samhita and other important hatha yoga, raja yoga, tantra yoga and kundalini yoga treatises focusing Yoga history, Yoga definitions and Yoga exercises.
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Hamsa Upanishad - Brahma Vidya
Hamsa Upanishad belongs to Sukla Yajur Veda.
Gautama asked Sanath Kumara to explain the way to obtain Brahma
Vidya, realisation of God.
Sanath Kumara replied that Brahma Vidya could be obtained
through Hamsa Vidya.
Hamsa denotes the Soul. Paramahamsa denotes Brahman, the
supreme God. The Supreme God is in everything as Fire resides in Oil or Oil
resides in Oil-seed. Brahman pervades all. Paramahamsa pervades Hamsa. Hamsa literarily
means “That am I”. There exists nothing other than Isvara or God. By Hamsa
Vidya, Soul realises that he is the Supreme God. The realisation of God in Self
is Hamsa Vidya.
The process of Hamsa Vidya is explained. The Yogi should Press
the Anus, force the Prana upwards from Muladhara, circumambulate the six-petalled
Svadhisthana thrice, reach the Manipura, go beyond Anahata, hold the Prana under
control in Visuddhi, enter Anja, meditate upon Paramahamsa and then attain Nir
Vikalpa Samadhi. Drink the nectar generated by commingling of Moon, Sun and
Agni or fire, then enter the Brahmarandhra or thousand petalled lotus. There
meditate on Tri matra Turya or Turya-Turya. Then the yogi becomes devoid of
external form. This is the Paramahamsa resembling a crore of suns, by whose
radiance the entire world is completely enveloped.
This needs explanation and understanding of Chakra and
Brahma Vidya Upanishad is the 40th among the 108 Upanishads. It contains 110 verses and found attached in Krishna Yajur Veda. Yet another version of this Upanishad containing 14 verses is found attached in Atharva Veda. Brahma Vidya is the knowledge of Brahman. Hence this Upanishad deals with the knowledge of Brahman. I declare the secret of Brahma Vidya, in the name Vishnu who commands over the marvellous deeds. The supreme science of Brahman is the monosyllable Om, as declared by the expounders of Vedanta. I declare the body, seat and durations of Om. It includes the three Gods (Brahma, Vishnu, and Maheswara), the three worlds (Bhur, Bhuvar, and Suvar), the three Vedas (Rig, Yajur, and Sama), the three Fires (Garha-patya, Dakshina, and Ahavaniya), the three Matras (A, U, and M), and the Ardha Matra. The body of Pranava The body of the first Matra “A” is Rig Veda, Garha-patya (Fire), Prithivi (Earth), and Lord Brahman, the deity. (In Sanskrit, the word Brahman has two connotations. One i…
Yoga Tattva Upanishad is the Upanishad of yoga philosophy. It is the forty-first Upanishad among the 108 Upanishads and forms part of Krishna Yajur Veda. It contains 142 verses.
I (says the author of the Upanishad) hereby present the philosophy of yoga (yoga tattva) for the benefit of yogis. By hearing and learning this yoga, the yogi will get released himself from all the sins.
The great yogi by name of Vishnu, the Supreme Being who is known for his spiritual austerities, stands as the beacon of light in the path of yoga tattva. The Pitamaha (Pitamaha means grandfather. It here refers to Lord Brahman, the deity) approached Lord Jagannath (the other name for Lord Vishnu. Jagannath means the Lord of the universe) paid him due respects and asked him to explain the philosophy of Astanga Yoga (yoga of eight limbs or stages).
“Let me explain the philosophy,” said Lord Hrisikesha (the other name of Lord Vishnu. It means the Lord of senses). All people are ensnared in the trap of worldly pains…
Dhyana Bindu Upanishad is the 39th of 108 Upanishads. It contains 106 verses and is attached to Sama Veda whereas a smaller version of 26 verses was found attached in Atharva Veda. This Upanishad and Yoga Tattva upanishad contains some common verses.
The mountainous sins accumulated over many births can be destroyed by Dhyana Yoga (Meditation). Nobody is found to have destroyed the sins by any other means except Meditation. Meditation is the only way to annihilate the sins.
Pranava (Om) is the Supreme Bijakshara (seed letter) with Nada (sound) and Bindu (dot). When the Nada dissolves the soundless residuum (Brahman) remains. In other words, Pranava (Om) is eternal and Brahman is transcending the Pranava. One who knows the transcending Brahman knows everything without a doubt.
A hundred thousandth part of awn of a grain of paddy is the Jiva-Chaitanya (Consciousness of Atman). A hundred thousandth part of Jiva-Chaitanya is Eswara-Chaitanya (Consciousness of Brahman). A fifty-thousandth pa…