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Vrikshasana: Meaning, Steps, Benefits


Vrikshasana is one of the standing yoga postures. It is a basic level Yoga Pose. Moreover, Sages in Hinduism performed this posture as a tool of austerity or Tapasya.

Though we could find the first mentioning of the posture only in Gheranda Samhita of the seventieth century, there are other pieces of evidence for the fact that it has been in practice since ancient times. An ancient rock temple at Mamallapuram that belongs to Seventh Century CE shows a man performing a posture similar to Vriksasana. Hence it is evident that this posture is one of the ancient yoga poses.

Vrikshasana Information

Pose NameVrikshasana
Sanskrit Nameवृक्षासन
English NameTree Pose
OriginAncient Indian
TypeLeg Balance

Vrikshasana Meaning

Vriksasana is the combination of two Sanskrit words: Vriksha and Asana. Vriksha means tree and Asana means posture. Therefore we call this pose Tree Pose in English.

Vriksasana Practice Procedure

Safety and Precautions

The performance of this posture involves leg balance. Those new to the practice, especially the elderly people, should take care. Performing the posture near a corner where two walls meet is safe. In case of losing balance, they could reach for the wall and avoid falling on the ground.

Preparatory Poses

This one is easier to master. Therefore it requires no preparatory pose. However, performing Tadasana will make this pose easier to master.

Vrikshasana Steps

Step 1

Stand erect. Keep a distance of one feet between the legs.

Step 2

Raise your arms up keeping the palms closer in Anjali Mudra. Inner sides of the upper arms should touch the ears. Keep the eyesight on any object in front of you.

Step 3

Raise the right leg up and place it on the left thigh similar to the leg position in Ardha Padmasana.

Step 4

Breathe normally. Keep the position as long as it is comfortable.

Step 5

Release the right leg down. Repeat the above steps with the left leg.


Initially, it is not possible to keep the position for more than a couple of minutes. For the purpose of meditation, one can extend the duration up to three hours. As a strict practice of austerity, it can be increased for a longer duration, even for months.

Vrikshasana Benefits

Vrikshasana in Gheranda Samhita

Gheranda Samhita describes 32 yoga postures.

Stand straight on one leg, bending the right leg and placing the right foot on the root of the left thigh. Standing like a tree on the ground is Vriksasana.

– Gheranda Samhita 2.36

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