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Pashupatabrahma Upanishad

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Introduction

Pasupatha Brahma Upanishad is also called as Pasupathbrahmopanishad. It is the seventy-seventh Upanishad of Muktika Upanishad order and found attached to Atharva Veda. It has two sections namely Poorva Khanda and Uttara Khanda. Poorva Khanda contains 32 verses mainly dealing with Hamsa Vidya.Uttara Khanda contains 46 verses mainly dealing with Para-Vidya, the philosophy of Atman and Paramatman. (Note: Poorva Khanda means the initial Section and Uttara Khanda means the final section).

Poorva Khanda
When Svayambhu (who originates on his own) Brahman happened to be filled with desires, he became the creator. Then Kamesvara and Vaisravana came into being. Vaisravana belonged to the class of Rishis called Valakhilya who were of the size of the thumb.
Vaisravana asked Brahman seven questions.
What is the Vidya (philosophy and practice) of the Worlds?
Who is the deity? Who is the deity of the Jagrat (waking state) and Turya [the fourth state beyond Jagrat, Swapna (dream) and Susupti

Shandilya Upanishad

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Rishi Shandilya, the son of Rishi Devala and the grandson of Rishi Kashyaba, is one of the greatest rishis of Vedic Era. Rishi Shandilya was the disciple of Rishi Adhidanvaan Saunaka who taught him the nature of Brahman. He is associated with the Shandilya Vidya of Chandogya Upanishad of Sama Veda and Sathapatha Brahmana of Shukla Yajur Veda, wherein the very idea of God is first found mentioned. Rishi Shandilya was the great contributor of Upanishadic Philosophy.
Shandilya Upanishad, also termed as Sandilyopanishad, is found attached to Atharva Veda. This Upanishad is the answer to questions by the Rishi Sandilya as a seeker, hence named as such. It is the 58thUpanishad of 108 Upanishads of Muktika Upanishad order and one of the 20 Yoga Upanishads.
The Upanishad contains three chapters.
Chapter One Ashtanga Yoga Section 1
The Upanishad starts with the conversation between Rishi Shandilya and Rishi Atharvan. Rishi Shandilya asked to explain the eight-fold yoga (Ashtanga Yoga or 8 limbs of …