Lights on Yoga Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Thirumanthiram, Patanjali's Yoga Sutra, Hatha yoga pradeepika, Gheranda Samhita, Siva Samhita and other important hatha yoga, raja yoga, tantra yoga and kundalini yoga treatises focusing Yoga history, Yoga definitions and Yoga poses.
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Tejo Bindu Upanishad – Sarvam Chinmatra mevahi
The second chapter of the Upanishad is the conversation between Lord Siva and Lord Kumara who asked Lord Siva to explain about Chinmatra or the partless one essence which is indivisible.
Lord Siva replies.
The Chinmatra is the visible, the world, the existence, Atman or Self, the mantra and its action, knowledge, water, Earth, Akasa, the books and the three Vedas, the Brahman or Supreme Being, the vow of austerity, the Jivatman, one that has no origin (unborn), Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu, Lord Rudra, I , Atman, Guru, inference, radiance, body, Manas, Chitta, Pleasure, Vidya, imperishable, transcendent, supreme, the gross, the subtle, that ought to be preferred, everything and there is nothing other than Chinmatra. Nothing. It is ought to be known. It is I. It is you. It is mysterious. It is the knower. It is the knowledge. Mother, Father, Brother, Husband, Sutra, Viraj. It is the head, the body. It is within and it is without. It is complete. It is the nectar. Clan. Home. Sun. Moon and stellar region. It is the corn-field. Tranquil. Patience. Quality. Witness. King. City. Kingdom. Om. Chanting. Meditation. Radiance. Wealth. Oblation. Victory. Heaven. Atman.
Absolute consciousness is Chinmatra. Conceiving all things as Chinmatra is absolute consciousness. All the world is absolute consciousness. Matter and time are absolute consciousness. Everything is absolute consciousness. Self is embodied-consciousness. Apart from consciousness, there is no desire, no knowledge, no mantra, no God, No truth, No treasure or like. Everything, whatsoever it is or wheresoever it is, to the extent it goes, is absolute consciousness. Distance makes no barrier. You are that Chinmatra. You are that.
He who knows, even once, that he is in the form of Brahman, becomes liberated.
The main teaching of this Upanishad in this chapter is Sarvam Chinmatra mevahi. Everything is Chinmatra only. Meditate upon that Chinmatra, the absolute consciousness, the indivisible one essence.
Our sages declare, All Gods are Chinmatra only. Call THAT by any name. Eswar, Allah or Christ. All are Chinmatra only. Meditate upon that Chinmatra.
Brahma Vidya Upanishad is the 40th among the 108 Upanishads. It contains 110 verses and found attached in Krishna Yajur Veda. Yet another version of this Upanishad containing 14 verses is found attached in Atharva Veda. Brahma Vidya is the knowledge of Brahman. Hence this Upanishad deals with the knowledge of Brahman. I declare the secret of Brahma Vidya, in the name Vishnu who commands over the marvellous deeds. The supreme science of Brahman is the monosyllable Om, as declared by the expounders of Vedanta. I declare the body, seat and durations of Om. It includes the three Gods (Brahma, Vishnu, and Maheswara), the three worlds (Bhur, Bhuvar, and Suvar), the three Vedas (Rig, Yajur, and Sama), the three Fires (Garha-patya, Dakshina, and Ahavaniya), the three Matras (A, U, and M), and the Ardha Matra. The body of Pranava The body of the first Matra “A” is Rig Veda, Garha-patya (Fire), Prithivi (Earth), and Lord Brahman, the deity. (In Sanskrit, the word Brahman has two connotations. One i…
Yoga Tattva Upanishad is the Upanishad of yoga philosophy. It is the forty-first Upanishad among the 108 Upanishads and forms part of Krishna Yajur Veda. It contains 142 verses.
I (says the author of the Upanishad) hereby present the philosophy of yoga (yoga tattva) for the benefit of yogis. By hearing and learning this yoga, the yogi will get released himself from all the sins.
The great yogi by name of Vishnu, the Supreme Being who is known for his spiritual austerities, stands as the beacon of light in the path of yoga tattva. The Pitamaha (Pitamaha means grandfather. It here refers to Lord Brahman, the deity) approached Lord Jagannath (the other name for Lord Vishnu. Jagannath means the Lord of the universe) paid him due respects and asked him to explain the philosophy of Astanga Yoga (yoga of eight limbs or stages).
“Let me explain the philosophy,” said Lord Hrisikesha (the other name of Lord Vishnu. It means the Lord of senses). All people are ensnared in the trap of worldly pains…
Dhyana Bindu Upanishad is the 39th of 108 Upanishads. It contains 106 verses and is attached to Krishna Yajur Veda whereas a smaller version of 26 verses was found attached in Atharva Veda. This Upanishad and Yoga Tattva upanishad contains some common verses.
The mountainous sins accumulated over many births can be destroyed by Dhyana Yoga (Meditation). Nobody is found to have destroyed the sins by any other means except Meditation. Meditation is the only way to annihilate the sins.
Pranava (Om) is the Supreme Bijakshara (seed letter) with Nada (sound) and Bindu (dot). When the Nada dissolves the soundless residuum (Brahman) remains. In other words, Pranava (Om) is eternal and Brahman is transcending the Pranava. One who knows the transcending Brahman knows everything without a doubt.
A hundred thousandth part of awn of a grain of paddy is the Jiva-Chaitanya (Consciousness of Atman). A hundred thousandth part of Jiva-Chaitanya is Eswara-Chaitanya (Consciousness of Brahman). A fifty-thou…