Pashupatabrahma Upanishad

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Introduction

Pasupatha Brahma Upanishad is also called as Pasupathbrahmopanishad. It is the seventy-seventh Upanishad of Muktika Upanishad order and found attached to Atharva Veda. It has two sections namely Poorva Khanda and Uttara Khanda. Poorva Khanda contains 32 verses mainly dealing with Hamsa Vidya.Uttara Khanda contains 46 verses mainly dealing with Para-Vidya, the philosophy of Atman and Paramatman. (Note: Poorva Khanda means the initial Section and Uttara Khanda means the final section).

Poorva Khanda
When Svayambhu (who originates on his own) Brahman happened to be filled with desires, he became the creator. Then Kamesvara and Vaisravana came into being. Vaisravana belonged to the class of Rishis called Valakhilya who were of the size of the thumb.
Vaisravana asked Brahman seven questions.
What is the Vidya (philosophy and practice) of the Worlds?
Who is the deity? Who is the deity of the Jagrat (waking state) and Turya [the fourth state beyond Jagrat, Swapna (dream) and Susupti

Hamsa Upanishad – Hamsa Vidya: Chakras and Kundalini

Chakras



Muladhara chakra is in the lower end of the Spinal Column.  There resides the power Kundalini Coiled up. There are two nerve currents, Ida and Pingala, along the spinal column and hollow canal, Susumna, in the middle. When the kundalini awakes, it goes up through Susumna, step by step through various energy centres called chakras and finally reaches the brain centre or Sahasrara.

S.No
Chakra
Location at spinal column
1
Muladhara
At the base of spinal Column or Perineum
2
Swathistana
Base of penis
3
Manipura
Navel
4
Anahata
Chest
5
Vishuddha
Throat
6
Ajna
Between the eye brows
7
Sahasrara
Top of the head

The technique given in this Upanishad is  Kundalini Yoga technique involving hatha yoga and Pranayama.

The first step is Press the anus. That means the yogi should establish Mula-bandha. Contraction of muscles around perineum in the male or Cervix in the female is called Mula-bandha or Perineal Lock.

The second step is Force the vital air upward. The Yogi should do Uddiyana bandha and Mula-bandha concurrently. By doing so the vital airs, Prana and Apana will go upward. Uddiyana bandha is contraction of the lower abdomen.

The third step is Circumambulate the Swathistana thrice. This means make Nauli Chalana thrice as if rounding the chakra thrice.

The next step is reach Manipura, go beyond Anahata and hold the Prana under control in Visuddhi. Hold the Prana under control in Visuddhi means perform Jalandhra Bandha. The neck lock. It is evident that the steps indirectly meant Maha bandha. Maha bandha is combination of three bandhas.


The next step is reaching Anja, meditate on tri matra turya at Sahasrara. Meditate on “A”, “U” and “M” as Turya. Turya Means ‘fourth’ state of consciousness. The four states of consciousness are wakeful, dream, deep sleep and Turya or being with Self. This meditation will be correctly understood when we study the other Upanishads later.

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