Pashupatabrahma Upanishad

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Introduction

Pasupatha Brahma Upanishad is also called as Pasupathbrahmopanishad. It is the seventy-seventh Upanishad of Muktika Upanishad order and found attached to Atharva Veda. It has two sections namely Poorva Khanda and Uttara Khanda. Poorva Khanda contains 32 verses mainly dealing with Hamsa Vidya.Uttara Khanda contains 46 verses mainly dealing with Para-Vidya, the philosophy of Atman and Paramatman. (Note: Poorva Khanda means the initial Section and Uttara Khanda means the final section).

Poorva Khanda
When Svayambhu (who originates on his own) Brahman happened to be filled with desires, he became the creator. Then Kamesvara and Vaisravana came into being. Vaisravana belonged to the class of Rishis called Valakhilya who were of the size of the thumb.
Vaisravana asked Brahman seven questions.
What is the Vidya (philosophy and practice) of the Worlds?
Who is the deity? Who is the deity of the Jagrat (waking state) and Turya [the fourth state beyond Jagrat, Swapna (dream) and Susupti

Amrita Nada Upanishad - Om Kriya





Vivekananda in Meditation
The Kriya expounded in the Upanishad is:
  1. Select a place free from disturbances.  Spread a mat made up of Darbha or Kusa grass.
  2. Keep the mind free from any disturbances
  3. Facing north, assume any yoga posture among Padma Asana, Swastika Asana, Bhadra Asana or any other asana which can be practised at ease.
  4. Mentally mutter ‘Om’
  5. Close a nostril with one finger, inspire through another nostril and retain the breath to maintain Agni (fire) at Muladhara. Contemplate on the sound Om only.



This should be done many times to get rid of the impurities. Meditation should be done traversing from Gross state to subtle state, beginning with navel and upwards.

    This practice of yoga should be done with closed sight and with firm foot without tremor. The union is stated by remaining without tremor in the hallow stalk (viz., Susumna) alone is Dharana. It is reckoned as 12 matras in point of time or 48 seconds approximately.

    The subtler state of Om never decays, as it has neither soft consonant, nor consonant, nor vowel, nor palatal, nor guttural, nor labial, nor nasal, nor the semi-vowels, nor the sibilants. Prana travels through the path through which Om goes. Hence constant practice of this kriya is needed.

    The yogi should avoid fear, anger, sloth, too much of vigil or slumber, too much of food or fasting. These are seven impediments to yoga.

    The yogi who practices daily like this, attains wisdom of Self in three months, sees Devas or Gods in four months, becomes Brahma Nista in five months and gets enlightened in six months without any doubt.

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